Storm prints and cloud prints in Becky Brown's
repro block. We have three more weeks to go in our
Time Warp QuiltAlong.
Variation on a cloud print in the background of
DdwGram's Prussian blue repro star
Storm print in the center of SF's repro block
Front and back of a pieced pocket.
The color and detail in the prints here define them as early-19th-century roller or cylinder prints. The look wasn't possible until roller technology developed after 1810 or so.
Machine for engraving the detailed designs on cylinders,
from Crookes's 1874 printing manual
The invention of cylinder machine printing changed the efficiency of printing as well as the style. We've discussed examples such as eccentric prints and rainbow prints.
A French sample book
Detail, fine registration of many colors, and an expanding retail market created fashions in figures. Several of these trendy patterns had period names, which we'll discuss in the last few installments of our Time Warp.
The Broad Oak Mill by William Linton
About 1850 Benjamin Hargreaves, who ran the British mill Broad Oak at Accrington, wrote his memoirs in which he remembered William Sykes as a talented designer:
"He had been brought up [as an apprentice] designer, and had attended a night-school there when a youth, … one of the finest and most successful of his designs being the celebrated cloud pattern, as it was called, which displayed both the skill of the artist and the engraver, Potts, in an eminent degree."
Hargreaves recalled the popularity of the cloud pattern when he introduced it 1823:
"Not less than 30,000 pieces were printed."But he did not tell us what it looked like.
Was Hargreaves referring to this style of print, swatches shown in an 1825 French mill book?
This style is often seen in early 19th century quilts.
They seem to be variations on the eccentric prints discussed in week 20 here:
Is that a cloud print at the top above (1317), a curvier, more natural play on the eccentric geometric (1320) at the bottom?
Two reproductions by Nancy Gere
Another popular style, according to Hargreaves:
"Freedom and elegance were manifested in one called the 'storm' pattern, from its appearance...waving moss blown by the wind: they still attract our admiration."
Like this print in a quilt from the Winterthur Museum
Feathers or waving moss?
Collection of Old Sturbridge Village
The French mill book
The combination of a rotating swirl with stars or wheels
was quite popular in the 1820-1840 era,
perhaps related to the concurrent fashion for chintz palm trees
Note the pale blue storm print in the center of this photo showing
a detail of the Austen family quilt in the collection of Chawton Cottage.
Storm prints seem to have been revived in the 1880-1910 period.
Storm print, late 19th century.
Another version about 1900
Hargreaves’s memories are useful in dating quilts. We can conclude that “cloud” and "storm" prints date to after 1820 or so.
A storm print from my Hartfield collection
Amy A had one in her stash when she was making a green calico star.
As did Penny L. for her shirting star
Judie Rothermel in Old Sturbridge Village III
What to Do With Your Stack of Stars
Check Out Other Time Warper's Ideas
Gladi is appliqueing a border
Debra tried out a toile
Nancy S has finished the top with a small striped sash.
Rosemary had a celestial set in mind
And she has enough leftover to combine with her
Lucy Boston blocks
Terry dressed up one set inside another star.
And alternated with a fence rail