Early quilt with variations of what is called Tea Cup or Wine Glass quilting
Last week we talked about feather quilting as a good traditional choice for reproduction quilts. That would be custom quilting, which costs more than what the long-armers call edge-to-edge---All-over designs.
Early quilts with an intersecting circle pattern
On the Straight
Mavis Fitzrandolph in her book on British quilts showed these as filler patterns but they are also seen as over-all designs. Because they are curved, the patterns are easily done with long-arm templates. Curves are probably a good edge-to-edge design for a reproduction quilt.
Shell quilting. We do not call it "Mother of Thousands"over here.
Long arm rulers and templates
I know nothing about long arm quilting but they
have their own tools that seem to work quite well.
Marie Webster also showed the scallop or shell design, which
evolved into the very American fans (sometimes call Baptist Fans,
although the Methodist church ladies and the Presbyterians did them too.)
Triple line fans. Fans were often done free hand.
The quilters at A Better Quilt do fans as edge-to-edge quilting.
The most common kind of hand quilting for filler or all-over utility quilting
was parallel lines, sometimes doubled, sometimes tripled.
Some of Becky Brown's gorgeous hand-quilted
patterns on her Quintal Vases,
which won her a first prize in hand quilting at an AQS contest.
And then there are grids on the straight or on point.
The double grid is called plaid
and the horizontal crossed by diagonals is hanging diamonds.
But the pattern of close parallel lines now called matchstick quilting is a popular style, particularly with people quilting on a regular sewing machine. It's also a great hand quilting design as it is mindless and you mark it with masking tape.
Here's a period look you may want to ignore. 19th-century quilters very often quilted right over the applique.
Echo quilting and self quilting are probably a better choice.
Self-quilting or quilting in the piece goes around the applique patches, puffing them up.Echo quilting is the filler, the curved lines following the patchwork.
Self quilting with a grid filler
Echo quilting a 1/4 inch apart
How much time or money do you have?