Westering Women Block 4
Lone Elm by Becky Brown
using Old Cambridge Pike prints
Trees were such a rarity beyond the United States border that they became guideposts on the trails. In the first days out early travelers looked for the Lone Elm, an important marker at a fork in the road.
The two main trails from a map "endorsed" by the DAR in the 20th century.
The trails split in what is now eastern Kansas.
Arrival of the Caravan at Santa Fe, 1844.
The Mexican War brought Santa Fe into the U.S. in 1848.
Women were infrequent travelers on the Santa Fe trail as it was primarily a road for commercial trading traffic, so we have few records from the female perspective. One mentioned last month was Anna Maria Morris, an Army wife.
Susan Magoffin (1827-1855) about the time of her trip to Santa Fe,
dressed in the large scale stripes so popular in the 1840s.
Susan Shelby Magoffin, an 18-year-old newlywed from Kentucky, is another exception. She had married a Santa Fe trader and accompanied him in 1846.
"Now the Prairie life begins! ....This is the first camping place....There is no other tree or bush or shrub save one Elm tree, which stands on a small elevation near the little creek or branch. The travellers allways stop where there is water sufficient for all their animals....We crossed the branch and stretched our tent. It is a grand affair indeed....conical shape, with an iron pole and wooden ball; we have a table in it that is fastened to the pole...Our bed is as good as many houses have: sheets, blankets, counterpanes, pillow &c."
The Lone Elm did not last long in its role of trail marker. Short-sighted travelers soon cut it down for fuel.
"I first saw Lone Elm camp ground in 1854.... The old tree was lying on the ground, the greater part of it being burned up."
W.H. Brady's memories read at the dedication of the Lone Elm monument by DAR in 1906.
Typical D.A.R. marker for Santa Fe trail
In 1902 the Daughters of the American Revolution
embarked on a project to record the trails' locations.
Subtle traces of the trails at Lone Elm.
Lone Elm is a park in eastern Kansas where one can still see the ruts from the wagons at the creek crossing.
Fifty years later a photographer recorded
the rut cut in stone in the far west.
In some places those ruts are quite deep and long lasting. In the grassy plains the traces are called swales.
Lone Elm by Linda Mooney
BlockBase #809 is as rare as a tree on the Great Plains, a traditional tree block based on a grid of 6, rather than 5 or 8 or 14 (all hard to cut for a 12" block.) This variation was published in the Kansas City Star in 1934 as Christmas Tree or Pine Tree. Because no native pines grow on the plains (not enough rain) we can call it an elm for the Lone Elm.
Cutting a 12" Block
A - Cut 1 square 6-7/8" x 6-7/8". Cut in half diagonally to make 2 triangles. You need 2 triangles.
B - Cut 9 dark squares and 6 light squares 2-7/8" x 2-7/8". Cut each in half diagonally to make 2 triangles.You need 18 dark and 12 light triangles.
C - Cut 3 squares 2-1/2" x 2-1/2".
D - Cut 1 square 5-7/8" x 5-7/8". Cut in half diagonally to make 2 triangles. You need 2 triangles.
E - Cut 1 rectangle 9" x 2"
Notice on the map near the top of the page we are making little geographical progress. This is probably because I live near the arrow and I want to include all the sites near us. We've gone about two days travel.
Lone Elm by Denniele Bohannon
Another shading option
The traditional set.
Read Susan Magoffin's diary at this link from the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon: