Saturday, July 26, 2014

Threads of Memory 7: Oberlin Star for the Oberlin Rescuers

Block # 7: Oberlin Star for the Oberlin Rescuers by Jean Stanclift


Twenty of the Oberlin Rescuers (also called the Oberlin/Wellington Rescuers.)
Oberlin College has extensive information about the topic at their website. See below.

The tale of the Oberlin, Ohio "Rescuers" was told in the newspapers of the day. It began near Oberlin:

"On Monday, Sept. 13, a young man residing two or three miles from town was hired to decoy a colored man from the village, upon the pretence of employing him in labor. As they were riding on the way to the work, as the colored man supposed, about two miles from the village he was seized by three men – one an official from Columbus, the others Kentuckians – and hustled into a carriage. They drove at once to Wadsworth’s Hotel in Wellington. 

From the American Antislavery Almanac, 1839

 "A resident of Oberlin met them on the way and reported in town his suspicions that an arrest had been made. Companies of men, students and citizens, armed and unarmed, at once followed in pursuit and were joined on the way by others.


"A Mob" from the children's periodical The Slave's Friend

 At Wellington they found the hotel already surrounded by crowds of people, while the man-hunters with their victim had taken refuge in the garret and had barricaded the passages. The gathering increased hourly and the excitement grew more intense, until at last the doors themselves gave way before the moral force that was brought to bear upon them, and the poor fugitive walked forth to the crowd who bore him off in triumph. Not a shot was fired, nor a blow struck, nor a bolt broken. It was not possible to resist the demand for the release in the name of the Higher Fugitive Law, backed by such an executive force.---The Oberlin Evangelist, September 29, 1858


The "Higher Fugitive Law" was the principle that the nation's Fugitive Slave Law was trumped by antislavery's moral law. 
Oberlin in 1874

Oberlin was such a hotbed of antislavery that the Kentuckians hoping to retrieve 17-year-old runaway John Price realized they had to trick him out of town before they could kidnap him. They took Price to nearby Wellington, but soon over a hundred protesters from Oberlin and Wellington demanded his release.

Wadsworth's Hotel in Wellington

The Rescuers managed to free Price without bloodshed, return him to Oberlin and send him on to freedom in Canada. Thirty-seven of the lawbreakers who rescued him were indicted and jailed. Only two went to trial. 

The two rescuers in front holding their hats are
Simeon Bushnell and Charles Langston, who served short sentences.

Charles Langston later moved to my home town Lawrence, Kansas, with his wife Mary Sheridan Langston.
Mary married twice, both husbands Oberlin Rescuers.
Read more about the Langstons and their grandson Langston Hughes here.

Ohio Star and Wanderer's Path

Oberlin Star is a new block combining an old-fashioned Ohio Star with the easy-to-piece curve popular in end-of-the-nineteenth-century designs called Drunkard's Path or Wanderer's Path in the Wilderness. The block honors the town and the college that offered education and hope to African-Americans.

Oberlin College, 1860

  
Oberlin Star for the Oberlin Rescuers by Becky Brown

Cutting a 12" Block

A B & C – Use the templates to cut 4 of each.


To print:
  • Create a word file or a new empty JPG file that is 8-1/2" x 11".
  • Click on the image above.
  • Right click on it and save it to your file.
  • Print that file out 8-1/2" x 11". The top side of piece A should measure 4" on the dark sewing line. Adjust the printed page size if necessary.

D -  Cut 3 squares 5 1/4" x 5 1/4". Cut each into 4 triangles with 2 cuts.
You will need 12 triangles.

E – Cut 1 square 4-1/2" x 4-1/2".

F -  Cut 1 medium square 2-3/16" x 2-3/16". Cut each into 4 triangles with 2 cuts.
You will need 4 triangles.

The curved pieces (C) in the Oberlin Star can be pieced or appliquéd. Jean Stanclift, who made the block pictured at the top, loves to appliqué so rather than cutting template piece A she cut 4 extra squares E. She machine appliquéd piece C onto E to make the corners. 



Sewing:


UPDATE: Dustin's version in Civil War Jubilee prints

What We Can Learn About the Underground Railroad from the Langston's Story
When the stories of the Underground Railroad were recalled at the end of the nineteenth century, American memory tended to view the heroes primarily as white. Charles and Mary Langston's story emphasizes the free-black community's commitment to freedom, how they both broke the law and used the law to assist slaves. A dozen of the indicted Rescuers were free blacks.
  
Oberlin Star
48" x 48"

 Make a Quilt a Month
The Oberlin Star block could represent the North Star on a cloudy night. To emphasize that look create a small quilt with a starry sky by alternating 5 Oberlin Star blocks with 4 plain dark blue squares cut to 12 1/2" x 12 1/2". Border with a 2" finished inner border of dark blue to highlight the blocks and then a 4" finished outer border of medium blue to create a square quilt finishing to 48" x 48".

Read newspaper accounts at Oberlin College website here:

Read a history of the town and its role in the Underground Railroad movement.
Nat Brandt, The Town That Started the Civil War. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990.

UPDATE: Dustin's ticking version, curves and all.


10 comments:

Anonymous said...

The template for Oberlien star is not visible

Anonymous said...

Just showed up!

susan said...

i cannot get the template the right size for the life of me. very frustrated. any one else have a hint as to how to print this. I copied into word and adjusted the margins to none and printed at 100% to no avail. my templates are too large by 1/8 inch

Suzanne A said...

Becky Brown has outdone herself, such a different looking & fascinating block!

Barbara Brackman said...

Susan---print the templates at 90%.If not right try 95%.

Quilteuse Forever said...

This block is outstanding.
As a French I did not know much about slave fugitives until the story about the quilts supposed to help them on the Underground Railway.
I also enjoyed to read "The last Runaway" from Tracy Chevalier : it takes place in Oberlin and it is also about quilting!

Frederick Nunley said...

Great story and a very challenging block I want to try especially after seeing Dustin's ticking version.

quiltverslaafd said...

Every month I look forward to a new block what a brilliant block this month.
My blocks I make of scraps are not bigger dan 6 inch of each block I make there one so that it becomes a sampler.

Barb said...

I copied and pasted the image into a blank document, then increased the size of the image until the width was 8.5 (height is 10.97) and the pattern printed out correctly.

Anonymous said...

I am not a computer literate, so I have trouble with the directions. My I.T. husband read the directions, and said that the term used were not correct.The use of the term " file" is wrong, and the direction of "open a word or JPEG file" is not the preferred language. It was Greek to me! Step by step directions on using the correct computer keystrokes would be helpful.