Saturday, March 25, 2017

Working For the Fair

Pennsylvania Women showing a large flag at the 
Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts,
1861
Lloyd Ostendorf Collection
National Archives

Below is an unsigned poem that appears to be unique to this particular newspaper about children doing needlework (and keeping rabbits?) for the Sanitary Fair.

Interesting that it appeared a month after the end of the Civil War.



"Working for the Fair" from the Elgin (Illinois) Weekly Gazette, May 24, 1865

There's a hum of merry voices
  In the house and in the street---
There are busy consultations
  And a rain of little feet;
There are scores of cunning cushions
  Of the dear red, white and blue;
There's a host of snowy rabbits
  That will xx fly from you
Should you look on these
  With the puzzle in your air.
You'll be told that they are waiting
For the Sanitary Fair.



There's a quilt of one-inch pieces,
  For a little fairy's bed.
There's a gorgeous worsted afghan,
  And a white embroidered spread.
There are dresses for xxx yearlings
  With a rank and file of tucks;
There's a bag and on it, swimming
  A whole family of ducks.
There are elephants-great moguls---
  Lest some knob the xx should wear
They are made to stand behind it
  And are waiting for the Fair.



Oh, the little hands are busy
  And 'tis time the children learned
That the pleasure of industry
  Is a pleasure to be earned.
That to succor those in sorrow,
  Was the work of Christ below---
Is the work of his disciples
  Be the object friend or foe.
But our sick and wounded soldiers
  Should have toil, and love, and care
We will work, and never weary,
  For the Sanitary Fair.

See the newspaper here:
http://www.idaillinois.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/newgailbord01/id/7363/rec/204


Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Westering Women Finishes in Red

Joanne at Thread Head is FINISHED quilting her Westering Women sampler.

She used the traditional set with what looks 
to be 2-1/2"   finished sashing (she says 2"----5" border)
and found the perfect red floral for a border.

Martha used a similar border with a different color scheme.
My theory is red is always good.

Click here to see Rod's red, white and blue set in the Way West design:
https://www.instagram.com/p/BRhWla1DjxE/?tagged=westeringwomen&hl=en

Next Week: Block 3 of Yankee Diary

Saturday, March 18, 2017

Cornelia Calhoun's Quilt


John C. Calhoun's South Carolina home Fort Hill, which is part of Clemson University, has shown several quilts over the years. Calhoun was the major spokesman for secessionists and pro-slavery Southerners in the first half of the 19th century. 

John C. Calhoun 1782-1850

He and wife Floride had seven children who survived infancy. I noticed this cut-out chintz applique in a photo, which said  it was made by his daughter Martha Cornelia Calhoun. 

Cornelia's quilt is often shown on a bed in the master bedroom.
This postcard may be from the 1960s or '70s

Cornelia's sister Anna Calhoun Clemson and her husband founded Clemson University
in Clemson, South Carolina, on family land.

The Fort Hill historic home recently posted pictures of the quilt
on their Facebook page. I brightened them up a little so the details
are visible.


Martha Cornelia, always called Cornelia in her family, was born in Georgetown, Virginia,  while her father was Secretary of War under President James Monroe. She was handicapped by deafness and a spinal disorder and used a wheelchair.  Her health was always a concern to her family. Cornelia died rather suddenly at the age of 33 in 1857.

Her chintz applique quilt is done in patchwork style
common in the Carolinas before the Civil War.

The all-over quilting design, concentric quarter circles that we might call fans, was quite popular in the South in the last decades of the 19th century and into the 20th. Is it typical of Carolina quilts during Cornelia's lifetime (1824-1857)? Was her chintz applique quilted before her 1857 death or after? Can't say from the photos and, since I see so few Southern pre-war quilts, I probably couldn't say if I saw it in the cloth.

The Charleston Museum's site is a great place to see South Carolina's antebellum quilts. Search for quilt here:

Saturday, March 11, 2017

A Trio of Eagle Borders

I tend to think of appliqued eagles as a symbol more popular before the Civil War than during.


But this trio of border eagles indicates that an eagle border might be perfect for
a Civil War reproduction quilt.

The blue eagle is from a quilt date-inscribed 1865
  in the collection of the 
International Quilt Study Center & Museum.
# 2006.043.0157

Four Block Quilt # 1 from IQSC
From the James collection. The Jameses thought it was probably an Ohio quilt.

Quilt #2 is from the Ohio Historical Society
Made by Eliza Jane Secrest (1838-1924) of Mt. Zion, Ohio. Estimated family date, about 1858

Quilt #3
I thought these red & green examples were the same quilt. Careful looking reveals the block patterns are similar, but the border leaves are different. This quilt, which I found on Pinterest, has only two eagles in the border at top and bottom. I bet these are all from Ohio. Notice the doves in all three florals.

I'm quite familiar with the eagles as I drew a pattern for one years ago for our Sunflower Pattern Co-operative.

It was based on the 1865 red, white & blue quilt.

Barbara Fritchie Star pieced by Shirlene Wedd, appliqued by Jean Stanclift
and hand quilted by Anne Thomas. 2000, 90" x 90"

Karla Menaugh & I did a couple of Barbara Fritchie star quilts with our friends at the Sunflower Pattern Co-operative.


Karla did the all-pieced version below. You can barely see the inscription we embroidered into the border, but it's a line from John Greenleaf Whittier's Civil War poem Barbara Fritchie.


We still have a few of the pattern packets available in our Etsy Store. Once they are gone (soon!) we are planning to do a digital download but getting all 7 paper pattern sheets into a printable PDF is still confounding us.

See more here:


Read more about the Civil War symbolism in a Barbara Fritchie Star at this post:

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Yankee Diary: Susan B Anthony's Star


Denniele's Block #2
with a ghostly Susan B

March 8 is International Women's Day so we're celebrating today
with Block #2 from the Yankee Diary Quilt, Susan B.'s Star.



In the 1870s Susan B. Anthony was tried in the Canandaigua New York Courthouse for "knowingly voting without having a lawful right to vote." Carrie Richards, our Yankee Diarist, was living nearby at the time and undoubtedly well aware of the trial, which received national attention.

Read more about the Canandaigua trial here:
http://grandmotherschoice.blogspot.com/2012/11/10-new-york-susan-b-anthony-breaks-law.html


Daisyusanh posted her red,white & blue block on Instagram.
#yankeediaryquilt

Danice

Jeanne

Terry

Our Flickr page managed by Dustin:

Post your blocks on the Flickr page or Instagram or send pix to me and I'll post them for you.

MaterialCult@gmail.com

Saturday, March 4, 2017

Quilts Buried with the Silver 2 North & South

Cut-out-chintz block quilt in the Collection of the Charleston Museum.
Attached to the quilt is a note reading:
"Got wet and stained the night of Sherman's Raid."



Sherman's troops destroyed the Southern infrastructure
and terrified the population.

The North Carolina project noted they "documented a great many quilts that families believe were buried during the war. This may have been because the quilts were valued highly, or perhaps because they were suitable wrappers for silver and other family valuables."

Cotton Boll made by Temperance Neely Smoot
From the North Carolina project and the Quilt Index.
"According to the family this quilt was put in a trunk along with 
other valuables and hidden in a swamp to protect it from Union invaders.

It makes sense that most of the quilts with stories of being buried or hidden are connected to quilts by Southern women, as Yankee raids of Southern land were far more common than Confederate raids on the North.
Quilt buried on Clinch Mountain
Tennessee State Library

Jeananne Wright bought this quilt with a note pinned 
to it saying the Pope family buried the quilt 
for safekeeping before the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas in 1862.

Quilt by M.E. Poyner, Paducah, Kentucky.
Collection Bill Volkening
Found during the Kentucky project
where the family noted it was buried to protect it from raids.

Quilt attributed to Catherine Nead (1793-?), Pennsylvania
The family was said to have wrapped their valuables in quilts
to carry them from Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, when
Confederate troops set the town on fire.

Chambersburg near the Maryland border was raided three times by Southern soldiers.

How accurate are the stories?
There is much evidence that quilts and other bedding were a prime target for raiding soldiers on both sides.


One of the more enduring tales about quilt patterns
is Ruby Short McKim's 1929 story about how the original quilt
in the pattern Order No 11 was stolen from the Kreegar family
by raiding Union troops.


Note the bedding being jayhawked off Missourians' porch in 
George Caleb Bingham's
painting of Order Number 11.

This high-style South Carolina chintz quilt was
stolen by a Union soldier and wound up at the Kansas
State Historical Society.

Rose Tree Quilt
Stolen from a Southern clothesline by a Southern soldier
who cut a hole in the center to wear it as a poncho.

From Southern Quilts: Surviving Relics of the Civil War by Bets Ramsey & Merikay Waldvogel.
http://civilwarquilts.blogspot.com/2011/10/40-order-number-eleven.html

See this recent post on Sheriff Jones losing a quilt during the pre-War Kansas Troubles.
http://civilwarquilts.blogspot.com/2017/02/sheriff-jones-loses-quilt-in-kansas.html

Cold soldiers were looking for blankets of any kind. Hiding the quilts seems logical even if burying them doesn't. Metal boxes, wooden trunks, rubber tarps might protect the quilts as well as the silver.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Way West: Blazing a Trail

Way West: Blazing a Trail by Barbara Schaffer

Barbara has finished her Westering Womne sampler!
She used traditional fabrics with the nontraditional set.

See more photos here:

I've been collecting pictures of innovative sets for samplers. Maybe one will inspire you to get these blocks on the road.

Whose? Set for 12 blocks: simple and balanced.

Cotton & Steel. Vice Versa, 2016 set for 16 Blocks.

Irelleb posted this Instagram picture of her
set of Elizabeth Dackson's Lucky Star BOM
12 Blocks

Flying Squares set for 13 blocks from

See a few more innovative sets at this post:
http://civilwarquilts.blogspot.com/2017/01/way-west-set-for-westering-women.html